What might we mean by monoculture? What is the impetus for ‘identitarian’ or nationalistic monoculture movements who do not see, or wish, their society to be pluralistic, not just in the context of Europe but globally? Might we locate positive or even emancipatory aspirations of monoculture? Might a culturally homogeneous society also be inclusive and transformational? What lies at the fringes of monoculture, and what does it not tolerate? What may be the position of the arts within the context of monocultural ideology? Or alternatively, how might the arts look under monocultural ideology when taken to its logical conclusion?



Hüseyin Bahri Alptekin
Global Digestion, c. 1980–2007
Digital prints
145 x 395 cm
Collection M HKA
Photo: M HKA




Rasheed Araeen
Nine, 1968
Acrylic on wood
(9x) 61 × 61 × 61 cm
Courtesy the artist
Photo credit: M HKA




Lynette Yiadom-Boakye
Nourish the Talented, 2003
Oil and acrylic on canvas
86 x 71 cm
Courtesy of the artist, Corvi-Mora, London and Jack Shainman Gallery, New York
Photo credit: M HKA







Jos de Gruyter & Harald Thys
White Suprematism, 2016
Pencil on cardboard, plexi, wood
147 x 147 cm
Courtesy of the artists and Galerie Isabella Bortolozzi, Berlin
Photo: Kristien Daem

George Grosz
De Schrijver Walter Mehring, 1926
Oil on canvas
110 x 79.5 cm (unframed)
Koninklijk Museum voor Schone Kunsten, Antwerpen
© SABAM Belgium, 2020, George Grosz, De schrijver Walter Mehring, inv.no. 2454, KMSKA
Photo credit: M HKA



Philip Guston
Law, 1969
Acrylic on panel
76 x 81 cm
Private Collection, Waalre, The Netherlands
Photo: Peter Cox

Hannah Höch
Mischling (Mixed Race), 1924
Collage, photomontage
11 x 8.2 cm
Courtesy of Institut für Auslandsbeziehungen e.V., Stuttgart
Photo: Liedtke & Michel

Candida Höfer
Türken in Deutschland 1979, 1979
Slide projection with 80 colour slides
Courtesy the artist
© Candida Höfer, Köln; VG Bild-Kunst, Bonn 2020

Ibrahim Mahama
On Monumental Silences, 2018
210 x 60 x 80 cm
Collection M HKA, Antwerp / Collection Flemish Community
Photo credit: M HKA










Kerry James Marshall
Untitled, 1998–1999
Ink, paper
250 x 1545,6 cm
Collection M HKA
Photo credit: M HKA

Vincent Meessen
The Intruder, 2005
7:26 min
Collection M HKA / Collection Flemish Community
Image: the artist

Maryam Najd
Life of Faith from the series The Aesthetics of Sin, 2018
Oil on canvas
220 x 130 x 4.5 cm
Courtesy of the artist
Photo credit: M HKA

Carol Rama
Marta La Cagona, 1940
Watercolour on paper
24 x 18 cm
Private Collection, Turin
© Archivio Carol Rama, Torino
Photo: Beppe Giardino






Oxana Shachko 
Untitled, 2016
tempera, egg yolk, gold leaf, wood
40 x 30.4 x 3.5 cm
Estate of Oxana Shachko
Photo credit: M HKA


Mladen Stilinović
An Artist Who Cannot Speak English Is No Artist, 1992
acrylic on artificial silk
140 x 246 cm
Courtesy Galerie Martin Janda
Photo credit: M HKA



Papa Ibra Tall
Semeuse d'étoiles, c. 1970s
Tapestry in textile
298 x 291 cm
Courtesy the artist, KADIST collection
Photo credit: M HKA




Makhmut Usmanovich Usmanov
Oilfields in Kazakhstan, 1950
Oil on canvas
91.2 x 133.2 cm
Collection of Helmond Museum
Photo credit: M HKA

Nicoline van Harskamp
PDGN, 2016
16:20 min
Courtesy the artist
Photo: Bea De Visser




Andy Warhol
The American Indian (Russell Means), 1976
Silkscreen ink and synthetic polymer paint on canvas
127 x 106.7 cm
The König Family Collection
Photo credit: M HKA






Felix Gonzalez-Torres 
Untitled, 1994
Silkscreen on cotton T-shirt
Size L, edition of 500
Published by agnés b., New York
Private Collection, Antwerp
Photo: M HKA

Jimmie Durham
Tlunh Datsi, 1984
Skull, feathers, turquoise, acrylic paint, shells, wood
103×91×81 cm
The “M” Art Foundation
Photo: Wim Van Eesbeek





Joseph Beuys
COYOTE – I like America and America likes me (installation view), 1974
Performance at René Block gallery, New York
31 black and white photos under glass
50×80 cm
VERDEC Collection
Photo: Wim Van Eesbeek




Matti Braun
Bunta Garbo, 2002
Inkjet print on paper mounted on foamboard
125 x 89 x 12 cm (each)
Courtesy of the artist; BQ, Berlin; and Esther Schipper, Berlin
Photo: Wim Van Eesbeek



Renzo Martens
White Cube, 2020
Video still
Courtesy of the artist