What might we mean by monoculture? What is the impetus for ‘identitarian’ or nationalistic monoculture movements who do not see, or wish, their society to be pluralistic, not just in the context of Europe but globally? Might we locate positive or even emancipatory aspirations of monoculture? Might a culturally homogeneous society also be inclusive and transformational? What lies at the fringes of monoculture, and what does it not tolerate? What may be the position of the arts within the context of monocultural ideology? Or alternatively, how might the arts look under monocultural ideology when taken to its logical conclusion?

MONOCULTURE – BRUNSWIK

0001 scan: (c) M HKA, Published by Harvard University Press
Else Frenkel-Brunswik, "Environmental Controls and the Impoverishment of Thought", 1954
Book , 14,7 x 21,5 x 3 cm

In March 1953, an important conference on totalitarianism was held at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in Boston. Forty thinkers from different countries participated, including Hannah Arendt and Else Frenkel-Brunswik. The conference aimed to investigate the nature, origin, strengths and weaknesses of modern totalitarian dictatorships. The participants communicated different – sometimes completely diametrical – opinions, and controversy was not shunned. An important discussion, in which also the editor of the conference proceedings, Carl J. Friedrich, participated, was the question of whether modern totalitarianism could be equated with older forms of tyranny – or should rather be treated as historically unique. In 'Environmental Controls and the Impoverishment of Thought', Frenkel-Brunswik takes a closer look at anti-intellectual tendencies and the attitude towards science in Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union.