What might we mean by monoculture? What is the impetus for ‘identitarian’ or nationalistic monoculture movements who do not see, or wish, their society to be pluralistic, not just in the context of Europe but globally? Might we locate positive or even emancipatory aspirations of monoculture? Might a culturally homogeneous society also be inclusive and transformational? What lies at the fringes of monoculture, and what does it not tolerate? What may be the position of the arts within the context of monocultural ideology? Or alternatively, how might the arts look under monocultural ideology when taken to its logical conclusion?

MONOCULTURE – EUGENETICA (Verenigd Koninkrijk)

2020 monoculture photo m hka cc 10 eugenics2 image: (c) M HKA, Published by Cassel and Company
G.K. Chesterton, "Eugenics and Other Evils", 1922
Book , 14.5 x 20.7 x 3.6 cm
ink, paper

Chesterton was an English writer, a Christian apologist, and staunch opponent of eugenics, engaged in both political debate and public action. His book is a significant, but rare example of anti-eugenic essays circulating at that time in Britain. Chesterton attacked eugenics just as Britain was moving towards passing eugenics legislation against the 'feeble-minded'. He predicted the abuse of eugenics and believed that it would be used as means of suppression of the poor. Even though Chesterton was accused of irrationality because of his ideas, the book had a considerable influence on British parliament. The Mental Deficiency Act, which considered the institutional treatment of people deemed to be 'feeble-minded' was passed in 1913, but the subsequent calls to amend the bill with legislation to sterilise such persons, never gained popularity. Despite the fact that the movement of eugenics was founded in Britain, the eugenics legislation as it was introduced in the United States and later in Germany was never passed in Britain.