What might we mean by monoculture? What is the impetus for ‘identitarian’ or nationalistic monoculture movements who do not see, or wish, their society to be pluralistic, not just in the context of Europe but globally? Might we locate positive or even emancipatory aspirations of monoculture? Might a culturally homogeneous society also be inclusive and transformational? What lies at the fringes of monoculture, and what does it not tolerate? What may be the position of the arts within the context of monocultural ideology? Or alternatively, how might the arts look under monocultural ideology when taken to its logical conclusion?

MONOCULTURE – APARTHEID

Image000088 scan: (c) M HKA
Op die Horison. Kwartaalblad van die Nederduitse Gereformeerde Kerk in Suid-Afrika,
Periodical , 15.5 x 24.1 x 0.3 cm
ink, paper

The Dutch Reformed Church, the oldest church community in South Africa, openly supported the apartheid policy. In 1997, at the South African Truth and Reconciliation Commission, it pleaded guilty for its part in apartheid.

“The Bible teaches that God wanted racial apartheid and that we, as Christians, must not ignore this regulation of God. Hence also our right to keep our own race and spiritual heritage pure.” — Prof. Dr. J.H. Kritzinger, ‘Rasse-apartheid in die Lig van die Skrif’ (‘Racial Apartheid in the Light of Scripture’) in Op die Horison, March 1947, p. 31